The “achievement gap,” also called the “opportunity gap,” is the difference in educational achievement between groups of students, especially between students of different races or socioeconomic statuses.
In the United States, there are persistent gaps separating students: on average, black and Hispanic students score below their white peers in math and reading and graduate from high school and college at lower rates. Students who come from families with more economic resources similarly outperform peers who have less.
Using public data from Stanford’s Center for Education Policy Analysis, The New York Times created an interactive graphic that shows the gap separating white children and their black and Hispanic peers.
Heather C. Hill, Chalkbeat, 50 years ago, one report introduced Americans to the black-white achievement gap. Here’s what we’ve learned since. (July 13, 2016)
James S. Coleman, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Equality of Educational Opportunity (1966)
NCES, Achievement Gaps
Motoko Rich, Amanda Cox, and Mathew Bloch, New York Times, The Upshot: Money, Race and Success: How Your School District Compares (April 29, 2016)